Calathea medallion, scientifically known as Calathea veitchiana, is a popular tropical houseplant cherished for its stunning foliage and distinctive leaf patterns. It belongs to the Marantaceae family and is native to the rainforests of Brazil. Here’s more information about the Calathea medallion:
Leaf Appearance: The most striking feature of Calathea medallion is its large, oval-shaped leaves with intricate patterns. The upper leaf surface has deep green coloration with creamy white or light green markings that resemble a medallion or mosaic pattern. The undersides of the leaves are usually a rich maroon or burgundy color.
Leaf Movement: One of the fascinating aspects of Calathea plants, including the medallion variety, is their “prayer plant” behavior. The leaves move in response to changes in light. During the day, the leaves are horizontal, but in the evening, they fold upward, resembling hands in prayer.
Size: Calathea medallion can grow to be around 1 to 2 feet (30 to 60 cm) in height and width, making it a suitable choice for medium-sized indoor spaces.
Light: These plants prefer bright, indirect light. Avoid exposing them to direct sunlight, as it can scorch the leaves. Place them in well-lit areas without direct exposure to harsh sunlight.
Watering: Calathea medallion appreciates consistently moist but not waterlogged soil. Water the plant when the top inch (2.5 cm) of the soil feels dry to the touch. Using filtered or distilled water is recommended, as these plants are sensitive to chemicals found in tap water.
Humidity: These plants thrive in high humidity environments. If the air in your home is dry, consider using a humidity tray, placing a humidifier nearby, or misting the plant regularly to maintain optimal humidity levels.
Temperature: Calathea medallion prefers warm temperatures between 65 to 75°F (18 to 24°C). Avoid exposing the plant to drafts, as it’s sensitive to sudden temperature changes.
Soil: Plant Calathea medallion in a well-draining potting mix that retains moisture but doesn’t become waterlogged. A mix containing peat moss, perlite, and bark is suitable.
Fertilization: During the growing season (spring and summer), you can feed your Calathea medallion with a diluted, balanced liquid fertilizer every 4 to 6 weeks. Avoid over-fertilizing, as it can lead to leaf burn.
Pruning: Trim any yellowing or damaged leaves to encourage new growth and maintain the plant’s appearance.
Propagation: Calathea medallion can be propagated through division. When the plant becomes too large, gently separate the rhizomes and plant them in their own pots.
Calathea medallion’s stunning foliage and unique leaf movements make it a popular choice among indoor plant enthusiasts. While it might require a bit more attention to humidity and light conditions, its striking appearance and captivating behavior are well worth the effort for those who appreciate its beauty.
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